Photo: IDRC, Brendan Baker, Sénégal. This innovative solution, developed on the workshop floor, recycles discarded plastic buckets by cutting them up, melting them down and moulding them into new pistons. The pistons are replacement parts for hand-driven rope pumps that provide local residents with clean water for drinking and irrigation.
The World Bank has published a list of statistics on Sub Saharan Africa. Here are some of them (numbered as per WB website);
1. The country with the highest GNI per capita for 2003 in Africa is Seychelles ($7,350). It is followed by Mauritius ($4,100), Botswana ($3,530), Gabon ($3,400), and South Africa ($2,920).
2. The country with the largest population is Nigeria, with 136.5 million people. It is followed by Ethiopia, with 68.6 million people, and the Democratic Republic of Congo, with 53.2 million.
5. The country with the greatest land area is Sudan, 2.37 million sq. km. The second largest is the Democratic Republic of Congo, with an area of 2.26 million sq. km.
6. The countries with the highest life expectancy are the Seychelles and Mauritius, 73 years (2003).
7. The country with the lowest total life expectancy, 36 years (2003), is Zambia, followed by Lesotho and Sierra Leone with 37 years.
8. The country that has made the greatest gains in life expectancy in the past decade is Somalia – from 42 (1990) to 47 (2003) years. This is followed by Sudan from 52 (1990) to 59 (2003).
9. The countries with the greatest reduction in life expectancy over the past decade in SSA are Lesotho (-20 years), Botswana (-19 years), and Zimbabwe (-18 years).
12. Nearly half the population of Uganda (49.8) and Niger (48.9) are under 14 years old (2002).
13. The country with the highest fertility rate is Niger, 7.1 (2003).
14. The country with the lowest fertility rate is Mauritius, 2 (2003).
15. During the past two decades fertility rates have dropped in every African country.
23. The country with the highest adult literacy is Zimbabwe (90 percent).
24. The country with the lowest adult literacy is Niger (17 percent).
25. The country with the lowest female literacy rate is Niger at 9 percent.
26. The country with the highest female literacy rate is Zimbabwe at 86 percent.
34. The country with the highest rate of child labor (as percentage of population age 10-14) is Mali, at 49.8 percent. The lowest is found in South Africa, with zero.
37. In 81 percent of SSA countries, there are more mobile phones per 1,000 people than mainlines per 1,000 people.
38. The country using the most electric power per person is South Africa (3,860.1 kwh per capita).
39. The country using the least electric power per person is Ethiopia (25.3 kwh. per capita).
40. The country with the most urbanized population is Djibouti, at 84.6 percent.
41. The country with the least urbanized population is Rwanda, at 6.6 percent.
Click here for the complete list.