“Rapid and widespread changes in the world’s human population, coupled with unprecedented levels of consumption present profound challenges to human health and wellbeing, and the natural environment”. This report gives an overview of how global population and consumption are linked, and the implications for a finite planet. Key recommendations include:
1. Bringing the 1.3 billion people living on less than $1.25 day out of absolute poverty and reducing the inequality that persists today.
2. The most developed and the emerging economies must stabilise and then reduce material consumption levels through: dramatic improvements in resource use efficiency.
3. Reproductive health and voluntary family planning programmes urgently require political leadership and financial commitment.
4. Population and the environment should not be considered as two separate issues.